What You Need to Start Composting at Home

What You Need to Start Composting at Home


Looking to reduce your carbon footprint & create a healthier garden? Get step-by-step instructions on how to compost at home with this beginner's guide.


Home composting is a remarkably easy way to transform your organic matter into nutrient-rich garden soil. If you want to start composting at home, you'll need a few basic materials: a compost bin or designated compost pile area, and organic material (such as dry leaves, food scraps, recycled paper towels, and yard trimmings). The organic matter is considered "green" or "brown" compostable material based on its nitrogen and carbon content.

You can use an earth machine or a compost tumbler as your composter. Your compost bin will hold your compostable material (like kitchen waste, grass clippings, and leaves). 

Choosing the Right Composting Method for Your Needs

The main methods for home composting are hot composting, cold composting, and using a compost tumbler.

Hot composting is the quickest way to create ready-to-use compost. With hot composting, you will need to create a large compost pile and turn it regularly to help keep temperatures up - this is what speeds up the composting process.

Cold composting, on the other hand, is a slower method. With cold composting, you will need to add all of your compostable materials to your compost pile and wait for nature to do the work. This method takes longer, but it requires less effort.

Lastly, a compost tumbler is a container that can be rotated to easily mix and aerate the compost. It's a great option if you want to avoid physically turning a compost pile.

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How to Build and Maintain a Compost Pile or Bin

To start a compost pile, you need to layer your organic waste. Begin with a layer of brown material like dried leaves or wood chips, which provide carbon. Then add a layer of green material like vegetable scraps or grass clippings, which provide nitrogen. Keep adding layers, aiming for a ratio of 3:1 brown to green material.

To maintain your compost pile, you will need to regularly turn the pile to aerate it - this helps break down materials and speeds up the composting process. If you have a compost bin or tumbler, you can simply spin or rotate the container to aerate the materials.

Common Composting Problems and How to Solve Them

Composting at home is a fairly straightforward process, but you may encounter some issues along the way.

If your compost pile smells, it could be due to a lack of oxygen or an imbalance of materials. Turn your pile to let it breathe, and add more brown material to balance out the organic matter.

If your compost pile is not decomposing, it might not have enough nitrogen. Add more green materials or a compost starter to boost the nitrogen level.

How to Use Your Compost for a Healthier Garden

Finished compost, often referred to as "black gold," is a fantastic addition to your garden soil. It improves soil structure, provides nutrients for plant growth, and helps retain moisture.

You can use compost to top-dress your garden beds, mix it into the soil when planting new plants, or brew it into a nutrient-rich compost tea that's perfect for watering your plants.

Tips for Making Your Home Composting Routine More Sustainable

While home composting is a great step towards sustainability, there are a few things you can do to make the process even more eco-friendly.

Compost as much of your food waste as you can - this includes fruit and vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, and eggshells. You will want to avoid composting dairy products and meat since these can attract pests.

Create a supply of brown material that will last all year by collecting fallen leaves in the autumn. You can also use shredded paper or cardboard as your brown material.

Turning your compost pile or bin regularly will help speed up the composting process and reduce the release of potent greenhouse gasses, like methane. So remember to regularly turn your compost.

Compost needs moisture to break down properly, but too much can create a soggy mess. Aim for the moisture level of a wrung-out sponge. Collecting rainwater in a barrel is a great way to keep your compost pile hydrated without wasting water.

Compost in conjunction with recycling. Composting is a wonderful way to deal with waste that cannot be recycled, meaning even less waste will end up in landfills if you do both. Check out our guide on composting vs. recycling to fully understand how these two processes should work in tandem.

Lastly, don't forget to use your finished compost! It does no good if it just sits in your bin. Apply your homemade compost to your garden to improve soil health and plant growth.

Home composting is a rewarding practice that benefits your garden and the environment. It reduces the amount of waste sent to landfills and cuts down on carbon dioxide emissions. Plus, it's a fantastic way to connect with the natural cycles of growth and decay in your own backyard.

Enjoy Nutrient-Dense Compost at Home

Composting at home may seem intimidating, but with these tips, you'll be making your own rich, fertile compost in no time. The benefits of composting are immeasurable, and the process itself can be incredibly satisfying. So, start collecting that compostable material, and happy composting!

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